PARAM ANANTA, an advanced supercomputer at IIT Gandhinagar dedicated to the nation under the National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) – a joint initiative of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and the Department of Science and Technology (DST), was commissioned on May 30, 2022 by Smt. Sunita Verma, Group Coordinator and “G” Scientist, MeitY in the gracious presence of Prof. Amit Prashant, Official Director, IIT Gandhinagar; Colonel AK Nath (retired), Executive Director, C-DAC, Pune; Shri Naveen Kumar, NSM-HPC Division, MeitY; Dr. Hemant Darbari, Mission Director – NSM, Dr. Namrata Pathak, Associate Chief/Scientist F, DST; Shri Sanjay Wandhekar, Principal Director, C-DAC, Shri Prashant Dinde, Associate Director, CDAC, Shri BSV Ramesh, Co-Director, CDAC, as well as senior officials from MeitY, DST, IIT Gandhinagar and C-DAC. The PARAM ANANTA supercomputing facility is established under NSM Phase 2, where the majority of the components used to build this system have been manufactured and assembled in-country, along with an indigenous software stack developed by C-DAC , in accordance with the brand in India.
A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between IIT Gandhinagar and the Center for Development in Advanced Computing (C-DAC) on October 12, 2020 to establish this supercomputing facility of 838 TeraFlops under NSM. The system is equipped with a mix of CPU nodes, GPU nodes, high memory nodes, high-speed storage, and high-performance Infiniband interconnect to meet the computing needs of various scientific and engineering applications .
The PARAM ANANTA system is based on direct contact liquid cooling technology to achieve high energy utilization efficiency and thus reduce operational costs. Multiple applications from various scientific fields such as weather and climate, bioinformatics, computational chemistry, molecular dynamics, material science, computational fluid dynamics, etc. have been installed on the system for the benefit of researchers. This high-end computer system will be a great added value for the research community.
The PARAM ANANTA supercomputing facility will be of great benefit to IIT Gandhinagar to pursue research and development (R&D) activities in multidisciplinary fields of science and technology at the Institute, including but not including limited to, artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML), and data science; computational fluid dynamics (CFD); Bioengineering for genome sequencing and DNA studies; Computational biology and bioinformatics used in the prediction and detection of gene networks; Atomic and molecular sciences that help understand how a drug binds to a particular protein; Climate change and environmental studies for extreme weather forecasting and simulation of models that can predict the onset of a cyclone; Energy studies that will help carry out the design simulation and optimization of energy conversion devices at different scales; Simulation of fire dynamics; nanotechnology; robotics; Applied mathematics; Astronomy and Astrophysics; Materials sciences ; Quantum mechanics; Studies on Civil Engineering and structural mechanics to understand the dynamic behavior of buildings, bridges; and complex structure.
Part of the total computing power will also be shared with nearby academic and research institutes, in line with NSM’s mandate. Additionally, NSM has sponsored a number of application research projects using this supercomputing facility involving researchers for and other Indian institutes and industries. Overall, this supercomputing facility will give a major boost to research and development initiatives in Indian universities and industries to attain a position of global esteem.
Under NSM, so far, 15 supercomputers have been installed across the country with an aggregate computing capacity of 24 petaflops. All of these supercomputers were made in India and run on a locally developed software stack.
(With GDP entries)